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English - GPS

Page history last edited by horn4250@... 10 years, 6 months ago

Kayla Horner and Bonnie Hebein Present:                                                                                                                                                               









           FOR THE CLASSROOM                    








How a GPS Works and What they are Used For: 


Global Positioning System2.flv  



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The Man Who Measured Everest




The All-Important Application the to Real-World

The Man Who Measured Everest

Most people wouldn't blame Brad Washburn if he retired to rest on his laurels, "said Paul Perreault, Washburn expedition member and Trimble employee. "At 83, he's climbed Alaska's Mt. McKinley many times, logged the first ascent of Mt. Baker and Mt. Sanford, and in his spare time has served as founder and director of the Boston Museum of Science." But there was one more thing Dr. Washburn wanted to accomplish: to measure the growth of Mt. Everest, the world's highest mountain.

In early 1995, Dr. Washburn and his team made a series of measurements using GPS between well-established survey marks in the Himalayas. Their goals were to make solid GPS observations to verify past work, make the first long-term GPS observations above 25,000 feet, and use GPS to determine the flow of Everest's Khumbu glacier.

Many GPS systems were installed on and around the mountain, and a wealth of data was collected about the location and position of key landmarks and survey points. Unfortunately, the climbing team ran into very deep and soft snow about 1000 feet below the summit, and no GPS data was collected at the peak itself. A major effort to complete this system all the way to the summit will be made in May 1996.

The expedition was an incredible test of people and equipment, and the U.S. and Nepali climbers were the finest in the world. The receivers installed around the mountain collected data for over 12 hours under conditions that challenged their engineering. And the team enjoyed the side benefits, too - many breathless moments at 18,000 feet and above, looking out over the most spectacular and majestic scenery in the world.



How To Use in Your Classroom


Keystone Area Education Agency: Lab Exercise #3 - Use of GPS Receiver, Finding a Geographic Position

Students will be able to use latitude/longitude (lat/long) coordinates to find an object (such as a monument, isolated tree, garden, fire hydrant, etc.) located on campus.

PrAEN (Precision Agriculture Education Network)


Keystone Area Education Agency : Lab Exercise #5 - GPS - Satellite Position

The GPS system is based on the constellation of satellites in space. These, being out of

sight, can be hard for students to visualize. This exercise will help the student recognize

the existence and location of these satellites and explore the operation of a GPS unit

Determine satellite position from receiver

Evaluate the accuracy of mission planning



Bonnie Hebein's Lesson of GPS in English

Using a Global Positioning System to Understand the Importance of Setting in Novels

 To help students understand the importance of location and setting in novels by using a GPS unit to locate the different places in the novel they are reading.







The All-Important Application the to Real-World



The High-Tech Fish Finder 

The old sonar fish finders have been around for a while, and they're pretty helpful when you want to find a school of rowdy largemouth bass.

But what do you do when the ocean is your fishing hole and all those fish are your livelihood? An innovative New Zealand fishing company is using Trimble GPS to help them locate and land the catch of the day.

Scalord Products Ltd. have upgraded to NT200 GPS receivers and the Omnistar Differential GPS service to navigate to and within orange roughy fishing grounds. These fish live on underwater sea mounds and other geological features which are difficult to fish over. The speed and accuracy of the NT200 enables them to position their vessel and gear accurately, and safely fish these small areas.

The GPS receiver is interfaced with an acoustic trawl positioning system on two of the boats providing an exact geographical position of the nets. This is not only helpful when looking for a favorite fishing hole, but in avoiding any international boundaries that might be just a few yards off. "It was difficult to fish without GPS," said Sealord's Vessel Manager Richard Wells. "The Differential GPS service has improved its capabilities. We also fish Hoki where tow line accuracy is important."


How To Use in Your Classroom


Keystone Area Education Agency: Introduction to GPS Navigation Exercise (Part I) Set Waypoints

Students travel around different point of their school or field and set the coordinates for their travels.

Created by Tad Mueller, Northeast Iowa Community College




The All-Important Application the to Real-World



Chicago 911 

The goal of public safety agencies is to make every emergency response time as fast as possible.

When an emergency erupts, an extra second or two can mean the difference between a life saved and a life lost. Vital decisions must be made by a dispatcher in even the best circumstances. Imagine how complex the task becomes in a metropolis like Chicago, with a tangled web of streets and fifteen million emergency calls each year. To help make a difference, Chicago has developed an emergency response system built on Trimble Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) hardware and software.

Under the old system, Chicago's dispatchers had to make decisions based on data typed on 3x5 cards. Under the new system they have all the vital information displayed on the digital maps right in front of them. Dispatchers see the entire city on a digital map allowing 911 calls to be pinpointed instantly. Emergency response vehicles are displayed as icons so the most available unit can be determined. Dispatchers can even zoom in to see building footprints, addresses, even building height, type, and access. This new GPS-based dispatch system displays a wealth of other information, including location of fire hydrants, street directions, and street width.

By taking advantage of GPS and by having the tools to immediately identify the best unit to respond, dispatchers will be able to trim seconds-if not minutes-off of response times. A year from now there will be Chicago citizens alive who simply would not be alive without this new system.





The All-Important Application to the Real-World



The Oakland Fire 

The devastating fire that took many lives and destroyed 2700 structures is now a sad memory.

But there's a positive part of the story that will also be remembered: the role that Trimble GPS played in determining the extent of the blaze and damage.

Oakland fire captain Ron Carter requested Trimble's help at the onset of the fire. Skirting the fire by helicopter, the response team used a Trimble Pathfinder to record their location once each second, plotting the entire blaze in approximately one hour. Minutes later a transparency of the fire's perimeter was laid over a standard area map, and the first reliable map of the fire was created.

The next day another Trimble team arrived on site and began the somber task of assessing the damage. The group mapped 2,000 acres and 2,000 homes in three hours, a job the U.S. Forest Service expected to take a week. "We looked for driveways and entered the coordinates," said one team member. "There wasn't anything else left to go by."

Not only did Trimble workers and equipment play an important role in fighting the fire by creating the first accurate map of the conflagration, their work was also instrumental in speeding aid to fire victims as well. And because of the precise records of the damage, fire victims were able to receive financial aid quickly.

"It would have been incredible if the ground commanders had GPS during the fire," said Manuel Navarro, Battalion Chief. "Because of the smoke you couldn't tell which way was north or south. If there had been positioning devices on our apparatus when this thing blew up, we would have known exactly where all our equipment was deployed and that would have helped us fight the fire much more efficiently."


How To Use in Your Classroom


Meet Mr. Swingle: Arnold High School Science Department 

Every small town in America, and even some big towns, risk losing a little piece of history each time a long-standing citizen either moves away or passes away. We didn't want to lose that history or those wonderful oral stories, legends, and facts. Not all of history is written down, some is passed down and that is what we hoped to capture with this web site.


This project was designed to teach students about the history of the area that they live in. They also learn how to use a GPS and mapping software.

These web pages are the results of this project.

Copyright 2010 Meet Mr. Swingle

-Drawing Big Draw Corby

A public workshop for which the theme was 'Renewable Energy.'  We had a day to transform the available space by drawing large wind turbines across the available space.

© Jeremy Wood. 2010 www.gpsdrawing.com


Bonnie Hebein's lesson for GPS in English

Learning Essay Format through Global Positioning Systems (GPS)


 To learn essay formatting with the idea of an essay set up as a map where students make use of a GPS unit to learn how to format a five paragraph essay.




The All-Important Application to the Real-World



High-Energy Transmission with High-Precision GPS Time 

For most of us, the only time we think about the systems that supply our electrical power is when they fail us.

Street lights winking off, the VCR flashing 12:00, or flicking a switch with no result are a few ways we're reminded that there's a fallible organization responsible for providing our energy.

Given the amount of power a power company supplies, the number of customers they service, and the high-precision timing that the generation and transmission of electricity requires, it's surprising that power doesn't fail more often. Increasingly, GPS is becoming the tool that is used to provide that timing.

Since 1988, the Bonneville Power Administration in the U. S. Pacific Northwest has been integrating GPS technology into its operations. As an integral part of any electrical operations system, timing is the technology on which many of its functions are based. Generation and power transfers are planned in advance. Utilities coordinate with each other by making adjustments on a GPS timed schedule. Outages for maintenance are scheduled to ensure that they do not interrupt reliable power delivery. Disturbance records are aligned with recorded GPS time tags for analysis and comparison with related information. Price varies with demand, so even billing is based on time. Advanced applications like locating power line faults (short circuits) and real-time phase measurement require continuous timing with high precision. And bad timing can throw a monkey wrench into all these operations.

BPA administrator, Kenneth Martin puts it all in perspective. "With help from GPS we are finding ways to develop a comprehensive system that meets the needs of new applications while continuing to serve existing systems. In short, we have found that GPS is the universal answer for power system timing, meeting all requirements of accuracy, reliability, coverage, and cost."




Further research for How to Use a GPS

How to use video tutorial

How to use video tutorial

Navigation with GPS






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